Capital: Phnom Penh
Life expectancy: 58 years
GNI per capita: $350
HIV prevalence rate: 2.6% of population 15-49 years old
Under 5 mortality: 141 per 1000 live births
Cambodia continues to deal with the legacy of years of war and the devastating Khmer Rouge regime. Land mines and unexploded ordinance litter the country, with an estimated 4-6 million buried. Apart from the direct threat to human life, loss of livestock due to mines and the inaccessibility of agricultural land hamper rural development. Cambodia has the highest rate of amputees per population in the world (1 in 384 people).
Poverty is concentrated in rural areas, where 90% of the country’s poor live. The government has insufficient resources for public services such as health and education, and the years of conflict have led to high levels of family breakdown and trauma. Over-exploitation of forests and fishing grounds also threatens loss of livelihoods and widespread malnutrition.
CWS’s partner, Church World Service Cambodia, began providing emergency relief and working with the government on agricultural production in 1979 following the collapse of the Pol Pot regime. Since the early 1990s it has shifted to community-based development. The programme focuses on building the capacity of local Cambodian NGOs to more effectively worki with communities to deliver:
CWS has also helped fund their de-mining programme.
Ba Pura, Health Volunteer, Cambodia